Many types of solid materials must be ground or milled into finer particles for dispersion in appropriate liquid vehicles. The physical properties of the resulting dispersions, often called “grinds”, depend not only on the actual size of the individual particles, but also on the degree to which they are dispersed.
The Fineness Gauges are used to indicate the fineness of grind or the presence of coarse particles or agglomerates in a dispersion. It does not determine particle size or particle size distribution.
Grind gauges are used in controlling the production, storage, and application of dispersion products produced by milling in the paint, plastic, pigment, printing ink , paper, ceramic, pharmaceutical, food and many other industries.
The Fineness Gauges is a flat steel block in the surface of which are one or two flat-bottomed grooves varying uniformly in depth from a maximum at one end of the block to zero near the other end. Groove depth is graduated on the block according to one or more scales used for measuring particle size.
The degree of dispersion is indicated in Microns（µm） or Hegman（H）, The Hegman scale ranges from 0 to 8 with numbers increasing as the particle size decreases.
0 Hegman =100 microns particle size
4 Hegman =50 microns particle size
8 Hegman =0 microns particle size
The gauge and its scraper are made of hardened stainless steel and have one or two grooves with a graded slope（dependent on the model chosen), graduated in microns, mils, NS （Hegman）, the gauges have a tolerance of ±2µm
It confirms the below standards：ISO 1524, ASTM D3333, ASTM D1210, ASTM D1316, DIN EN 21524
|Description||Order Information||Groove Size （L×W）||Ranges||Overall dimension||Graduation||Number of Grooves|
|Single-Channel Grind Gauge||BGD 241/0||140×12.5mm||0-15µm||170×50×12mm||0.625 µm||1|
|BGD 241/1||0-25µm||170×50×12mm||1.25 µm||1|
|BGD 241/2||0-50µm||170×50×12mm||2.5 µm||1|
|BGD 241/3||0-100µm||170×50×12mm||5 µm||1|
|Double-Channel Grind Gauge||BGD 242/0||140×12.5mm||0-15µm||175×65×12mm||0.625 µm||2|
|BGD 242/1||0-25µm||175×65×12mm||1.25 µm||2|
|BGD 242/2||0-50µm||175×65×12mm||2.5 µm||2|
|BGD 242/3||0-100µm||175×65×12mm||5 µm||2|
|Wide-Channel Grind Gauge||BGD 244/1||140×37.0mm||0-25µm||175×65×12mm||1.25 µm||1|
|BGD 244/2||0-50µm||175×65×12mm||2.5 µm||1|
|BGD 244/3||0-100µm||175×65×12mm||5 µm||1|
Place a slight excess of sample in the deep end of the groove, and with the straight-edge scraper provided, draw the sample toward the shallow end of the groove. Rating GU are in term of the point on the scale where the oversize particles, or furrows made by them, first appear in substantial concentration.